By Elizabeth Martin, Robert Hine
This significant revision of A Dictionary of Biology, together with over 1,500 new entries, is the main updated biology dictionary to be had. together with 4,000 transparent and concise entries, it covers all of the often encountered phrases and ideas in biology, biophysics, and biochemistry, in addition to phrases from drugs and palaeontology taking into consideration the new advances in those fields. Conforming to the strategies of the Institute of Biology, either in its definition of phrases and procedure of category, this extraordinary dictionary deals authoritative insurance of present parts of analysis comparable to molecular biology, genetics (including genetic engineering), and biotechnology, and new components comparable to foodstuff expertise, geomicrobiology, and glycobiology. it's the ideal reference resource for someone attracted to this dynamic box.
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Additional resources for A dictionary of biology
2. (in botany) The ability of a plant to adapt itself to gradually changing environmental conditions. 3. (in animal behaviour) Adjustments made by an animal's nervous or sensory systems in response to continuously changing environmental conditions. acellular Describing tissues or organisms that are not made up of separate cells but often have more than one nucleus (see syncytium). Examples of acellular structures are muscle fibres. Compare unicellular. acentric Describing an aberrant chromosome fragment that lacks a centromere.
Alarm response An immediate response to any stimulus that potentially threatens the wellbeing of an organism. It involves the release of *adrenaline and noradrenaline from the adrenal glands, triggered by increased sympathetic nervous activity. g. by increasing heart and breathing rates) and promote glycogen breakdown, which supplies large amounts of glucose for increased respiration and energy release. Compare resistance response. alarm signal A warning signal given by an animal to other members of its population in response to perceived danger, usually the approach of a predator.
For example, the alarm signal of a rabbit to a threatening situation involves thumping the ground and then flashing the white of its tail as it runs, which alerts the rabbits nearby. albinism Hereditary lack of pigmentation (see melanin) in an organism. Albino animals and human beings have no colour in their skin, hair, or eyes (the irises appear pink from underlying blood vessels). The *allele responsible is *recessive to the allele for normal pigmentation. albumen See albumin. albumin One of a group of globular proteins that are soluble in water but form insoluble coagulates when heated.
A dictionary of biology by Elizabeth Martin, Robert Hine