By Christopher Corèdon
An curiosity within the center a while usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a be aware or time period which isn't understood or purely imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that - notwithstanding one of these declare is necessarily rash. even though, it's been designed within the wish that it'll be of genuine support to non-academic readers, and in certain cases perhaps even to experts. The dictionary comprises a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of everyday life. Latin was once the language of the church, legislations and executive, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are often present in glossy books of heritage of the interval; equally, the right which means of outdated English and center English phrases may possibly elude state-of-the-art reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the beginning and evolution of a note offers a greater understanding....
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Cf. previous; JOUST OF PEACE; JOUST OF WAR Abacus. Orig. a flat surface or board covered with sand and used as a drawing board by mathematicians; architecturally the top, flat part of a capital (supporting the architrave); latterly the computing device made of rows of beads. Abaddon [Apollyon]. Angel of the Bottomless Pit; also, hell itself. Hell seemed powerfully real at this time. The terror of spending eternity in hell added greatly to the universal fear of death. The fires were not considered to be metaphorical but to be real: it was the Inferno, the place of punishment.
The conversion into a designated forest with the legal trappings attaching thereto which circumscribed or forbade hunting by any but the lord. The Normans were particularly avid hunters and greatly extended forest law. Perhaps a third of England was subject to such law under the Norman kings and early Plantagenets. The New Forest, as it is still known a millennium later, was created by William I in 1079. – Cf. DISAFFORESTATION; FOREST ASSIZES; FOREST, CHARTER OF THE Affrontant. Her. Describes two animals facing each other.
They owned many pigs which were permitted to run freely in town streets and were required to wear bells as a sign of their ownership. ) All other citizens had to keep their pigs in their house. Anthropophagi. Man-eaters believed to live in distant regions of the world; part of the exotica which filled the medieval imagination for want of real knowledge. [< Gr. anthropophagos = anthropos = man + phagos = eating] – Cf. BABEWYN Antiphon. Orig. something sung by two choirs in turn. Texts from the Bible sung during a service, at the beginning and end of psalms.
A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon