By Geoffrey Wawro
The Austro-Hungarian military that marched east and south to confront the Russians and Serbs within the commencing campaigns of worldwide warfare I had an excellent earlier yet a pitiful current. conversing a mystifying array of languages and lugging outmoded guns, the Austrian troops have been hopelessly unprepared for the industrialized struggle that will almost immediately eat Europe.
As prizewinning historian Geoffrey Wawro explains in A Mad Catastrophe, the doomed Austrian conscripts have been an unlucky microcosm of the Austro-Hungarian Empire itself—both both ripe for destruction. After the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in June 1914, Germany goaded the Empire right into a conflict with Russia and Serbia. With the Germans massing their forces within the west to have interaction the French and the British, everything—the process the conflict and the destiny of empires and alliances from Constantinople to London—hinged at the Habsburgs’ skill to overwhelm Serbia and preserve the Russians at bay. notwithstanding, Austria-Hungary were rotting from inside of for years, hollowed out through repression, cynicism, and corruption on the optimum degrees. Commanded through a loss of life emperor, Franz Joseph I, and a querulous big name normal, Conrad von Hötzendorf, the Austro-Hungarians controlled to bungle every thing: their ultimatum to the Serbs, their declarations of struggle, their mobilization, and the pivotal battles in Galicia and Serbia. through the tip of 1914, the Habsburg military lay in ruins and the end result of the battle appeared all yet determined.
Drawing on deep archival examine, Wawro charts the decline of the Empire sooner than the struggle and reconstructs the good battles within the east and the Balkans in exciting and tragic aspect. A Mad Catastrophe is a riveting account of a ignored face of worldwide conflict I, revealing how a once-mighty empire collapsed within the trenches of Serbia and the jap entrance, altering the process eu background.
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Additional info for A Mad Catastrophe: The Outbreak of World War I and the Collapse of the Habsburg Empire
Saltykov-Sdedrin State Public Library in Leningrad. 30. The Krasnogorsk. From the former collection of the Archangel Old Depository, N** 1014. Cursive script from the latter half of the 17* century. The text of the first three Books according to the 'separate' version, from folio 241 to folio 388. At present it is kept in the Library of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in Leningrad, where it was transferred in 1931 from the former Archaeographical Commission (inventory N° 5081). The anthology in which the copy is to be found was described in its entirety in an article by V.
The text of the History covers folios 409-552. It is kept in the State Historical Museum in Moscow. " Ibidem JOSEPHUS' JEWISH WAR AND ITS SLAVONIC VERSION 5. The First Troickij. Collection of the former Troica-Sergijev Monastery, N** 1 (12) (beginning of the 16* century: note by the Metropolitan Varlaam, in office from 1511 to 1521). It was formerly in the library of the Troica Ecclesiastical Seminary. At present it is kept in the Manuscript Section of the Lenin State Library of the USSR in Moscow.
4. 72-84) ^ Sdepkina, p. 10 Lixacev, vol III Badecki INTRODUCTION 15 crowned with an even-ended cross and entwined by a snake with its tongue protruding to the left. The watermark appears on folios 503-508, 512-514, 517, 520, 523, 524, 528, 529, 701, 703, 709, 711, 713-717. 719, 723-725. 727, 732, 735, 736. Watermarks of this type are extremely frequent on paper produced mainly by German paper mills at the end of the 15* century. In LixaCev's album, we find dozens of similar marks, for example: N** 1007,1008,1091,1141, 1176, 1182,1365 and many others.
A Mad Catastrophe: The Outbreak of World War I and the Collapse of the Habsburg Empire by Geoffrey Wawro