Trevor Yorke's Abbeys Monasteries and Priories Explained. Britain's Living PDF

By Trevor Yorke

ISBN-10: 1853068543

ISBN-13: 9781853068546

Abbeys of the center a long time stay the most fantastic of non secular constructions. They have been outfitted with a company experience of devotion, and with out price spared, through groups which had a religion established upon venerable recognize for the ability and authority of the Church. The grace and majesty in their building, and the gorgeous rural settings of such a lot of, lead them to an ideal vacation spot for viewers all year long. Trevor Yorke, utilizing diagrams, pictures and illustrations, explains the background of those constructions and describes how they have been utilized in the centuries sooner than the good Dissolution via Henry VIII in 1536, which left such a lot of them in ruins.

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Extra info for Abbeys Monasteries and Priories Explained. Britain's Living History

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Their numbers boomed with new recruits and benefactors, much to the concern of the existing religious orders and secular priests whose roles and incomes they threatened. Friars also made valuable contributions to the establishment of universities, and pupils included the philosopher and scientist Roger Bacon, who himself became a Franciscan friar. The Dominicans, also known as the Black Friars after the colour of their habit, were the first to arrive in the country, around 1221 at Oxford, and were closely associated with the fledgling universities.

Although fundamentally similar, the two churches nevertheless disagreed on a number of points. One was the tonsure, the haircut of a monk, which under the Roman rules was just shaved on top but in the Celtic form had the front section of the remaining ring of hair removed as well. The principal problem, though, was over the date of Easter, which despite warnings from Rome, the Irish and Northumbrian church continued to calculate from a different point. The Synod of Whitby in AD 664 was arranged to resolve the issue, with the Roman method being ruled correct, although it was still not adopted by some monasteries for more than fifty years.

In the revitalised days of the 11th century it has been refounded and a new set of monastic buildings erected around a cloister on the site of the original church (A), but as was often the case more accurately aligned in an east-west direction. Accommodation for the monks is now in communal dormitories (B), so the surrounding land within the precinct can be dedicated to vegetable gardens, orchards, farm buildings, fishponds, workshops and a new mill by the river. The stream which flowed down the left side in the last view has been re-channelled with a diversion taken off in the top left corner (C) and into the monastic complex to serve the kitchens and flush out the drains.

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Abbeys Monasteries and Priories Explained. Britain's Living History by Trevor Yorke

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