Accelerator Physics, Second Edition - download pdf or read online

By S. Y. Lee

ISBN-10: 981256182X

ISBN-13: 9789812561824

The improvement of excessive power accelerators all started in 1911, while Rutherford came upon the atomic nuclei contained in the atom. due to the fact that then, development has been made within the following: (1) improvement of excessive voltage dc and rf accelerators, (2) success of excessive box magnets with first-class box caliber, (3) discovery of transverse and longitudinal beam focusing rules, (4) invention of excessive energy rf resources, (5) development of excessive vacuum expertise, (6) attainment of excessive brightness (polarized/unpolarized) electron/ion resources, (7) development of beam dynamics and beam manipulation schemes, comparable to beam injection, accumulation, gradual and quick extraction, beam damping and beam cooling, instability suggestions, and so forth. The affects of the accelerator improvement are evidenced through the numerous ground-breaking discoveries in particle and nuclear physics, atomic and molecular physics, condensed subject physics, biomedical physics, drugs, biology, and commercial processing. This e-book is meant for use as a graduate or senior undergraduate textbook in accelerator physics and technology. it may be used as preparatory direction fabric for graduate accelerator physics scholars doing thesis examine. The textual content covers historic accelerator improvement, transverse betatron movement, synchrotron movement, an creation to linear accelerators, and synchrotron radiation phenomena in low emittance electron garage jewelry, advent to big subject matters reminiscent of the loose electron laser and the beam-beam interplay. recognition is paid to derivation of the action-angle variables of the part house, as the transformation is necessary for knowing complicated issues corresponding to the collective instability and nonlinear beam dynamics. each one part is by means of routines, that are designed to augment the concept that mentioned and to unravel a pragmatic accelerator layout challenge.

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Sample text

D. , p. 468 (1975). EXERCISE 27 1 6. Show that the total energy for a head-on collision of two beams at an energy of 7 cm mc 2 each is equivalent to a fixed target collision at the laboratory energy of 7771c2 with 7 = 27c2m - 1. 7. The luminosity, L [cm~ 2 s~ 1 ], is a measure of the probability (rate) of particle encounters per unit area in a collision process. Thus the total counting rate of a physics event is it = (TphysA where

Using Eq. 3), we obtain the kinetic energy per amu as A-(7+l)muUJ =K {A) ' (L12) where BoRo = Bp is the magnetic rigidity, Z and A are the charge and atomic mass numbers of the particle, mu is the atomic mass unit, and K is called the K-value or bending limit of a cyclotron. g. K200 cyclotron can deliver protons with 200 MeV kinetic energy. S. Livingston, J. Appl. B. E. Rose, Phys. R. Wilson, Phys. , 53, 408 (1938); Am. J. L. Cohen, Rev. Sci. , 25, 562 (1954). I. HISTORICAL 13 DEVELOPMENTS F j ;I I • • i \ \ \ '.

The pole-tip field is jBpoie tip = Ka. 9 Tesla. The achievable gradient is B\ = Bv0\e tip/a- Show that the gradient field is Bx = 2naNI/a2, where NI is the number of ampere-turns per pole, and a is the half-aperture of the quadrupole. The inductance in an ideal quadrupole is _ 8M0iV2l 2 a2 (Xc o4 8noN2e 12x? j R i a2 2 X" where xc is the distance of the conductor from the center of the quadrupole. In reality, x2 should be replaced by x\ + xcwc, where wc is the width of the pole. Y. Lee, Nucl. Inst.

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Accelerator Physics, Second Edition by S. Y. Lee

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