By Stuart Robson Dr., Yacinta Kurniasih
Uncomplicated Indonesian is designed to supply fast mastery of contemporary Indonesian, that's spoken via greater than 240 million people.Divided into 28 graded classes, the booklet offers fill-in-the-blank routines, quizzes, observe puzzles and question-and-answer practices to enhance the educational. large cultural notes are supplied besides certain tips about etiquette and acceptable cultural habit within the world's greatest Islamic society.
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Additional info for Basic Indonesian (with Audio)
When you want to say "you", it is best to use the neutral anda, or something formal, including a pronoun substitute (see Lesson 3); kamu should only be used to a good friend. 4. The pronoun engkau is obsolete except in the Christian scriptures ("thou"). 5. For "he" or "she", choose dia; beliau is only suitable if you want to show high respect for someone. 6. In fact, you will find that pronouns tend to be omitted if the sentence is clear without them. In particular, avoid referring to yourself too much.
Abbreviated forms of bapak and ibu can be used for addressing or calling someone: Pak! Bu! There does not seem to be a real English equivalent for this (not Mr! ). g. Rini lapar, I am hungry. (Rini speaking) Tense We have already seen a number of examples of simple verbs. g. to gain: gains, gained, and so on). As a result, when translating from Indonesian into English the appropriate tense markers have to be supplied. You can use present, past or future tense depending on what is needed. However, all this does not mean that Indonesian is lacking in precision.
Regarding level, it aims to bring the student from zero to a level equivalent to secondary Year 12, or tertiary First Year level (in the Australian system). This means that it covers a range of word-forms and sentence structures, and introduces a range of basic vocabulary, and in this way forms a foundation for higher levels and working with more advanced materials. Expressed as objectives, we hope that our students will gain both passive and active skills in key areas, namely: Listening comprehension (being able to understand what people say); Speaking ability (being able to speak and be understood); Reading comprehension (being able to interpret a simple written passage correctly); and Writing ability (being able to write a simple message using correct language).
Basic Indonesian (with Audio) by Stuart Robson Dr., Yacinta Kurniasih