By T. Kelly, J. Allan (auth.), Prof. John Davenport, Julia L. Davenport (eds.)
Human shipping via land, sea and air has elevated exponentially via time in depth, paralleling rises in inhabitants, prosperity and charges of technological swap. delivery has substantial ecological results, lots of them dangerous to environmental sustainability. This quantity brings jointly foreign specialists from numerous disciplines to check the ecological results and their explanations when it comes to highway, rail, send and airplane delivery. The participants have assorted attitudes and agendas. a few are ecologists, a few planners, others social scientists. concentration levels from id of threats and amelioration of destructive results via to destiny layout of shipping platforms to lessen environmental degradation. a few chapters examine constrained parts of the globe; others the globe itself. perspectives surround deep pessimism and wary optimism.
Uniquely, the amount considers delivery results in all environments. this can be the 1st publication that makes an attempt to debate the connection among human delivery and all ecosystems. It appeals not just to the professional environmentalist by way of determining novel themes, but additionally to somebody serious about shipping concerns because it tackles the problems from an old standpoint, encompassing the prior, current and way forward for the consequences of human transport.
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Extra info for The Ecology of Transportation: Managing Mobility for the Environment
2003; Does shooting alter flight patterns of gulls: case study at John F. Kennedy International Airport. Proceedings of the International birdstrike Committee 26:547-562. Dolbeer RA, Eschenfelder P. 2003; Amplified bird-strike risks related to population increases of large birds in North America Proceedings of the International birdstrike Committee 26:49-67. Efroymson RA, Suter II, GW, Rose WH, Nemeth S. 2000; Ecological risk assessment framework for low altitude overflights by fixed wing and rotary-wing military aircraft (ORNI/TM-2000/289).
Brown KM, Erwin RM, Richmond ME, Buckley PA, Tanacredi JT, Avrin D. 2001; Managing birds and controlling aircraft in the Kennedy Airport Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge complex: The need for hard data and soft options. Environmental Management 28: 207-224. Burger J. 1981; Behavioral responses of herring gulls (Larus argentatus) to aircraft noise. Environmental Pollution (Series A) 24:177-184. Burger J. 1983; Jet aircraft noise and bird strikes: why more birds are being hit. Environmental Pollution (Series A) 30:143-152.
Modern aviation has an obvious potential for the rapid dissemination of infectious disease agents. Since no two points on the globe are now more than 24 hours from each other, there are unprecedented risks of transferring pathogens from remote isolated disease foci to distant densely populated, cities. The efficiency and decreasing costs of international air travel inevitably increases the risks of a major pandemic, since the receiving urban populations may have no immunity to the novel pathogen(s).
The Ecology of Transportation: Managing Mobility for the Environment by T. Kelly, J. Allan (auth.), Prof. John Davenport, Julia L. Davenport (eds.)